Eva Guill in America

Last post showed my Great Grandmother, Eva Guill in Luxembourg where she was born 18 April 1872 in Grevenmacher, worked in France as a maid in the early 1890’s, and immigrated to America about 1894.

Wednesday in Chicago, IL on 10 June 1896, Eva Guill stood at the altar in St Alphonsus Catholic Church and exchanged vows with George Mangen. Their witnesses were Anton Fiedler and Nicholas Guill. Anton Fiedler was a friend to George and Nicholas Guill is Eva’s younger brother. Officiating the wedding was James Karicher the only priest out of 7 attending this parish that was from Luxembourg. The other priests were of German descent and there were two religious brothers that were from Austria.  St Alphonsus was a parish that was attended by German speaking people and the vows exchanged were most likely in German.  The church opened in 1896 and is known for it’s starburst pattern on a deep blue ceiling and gothic arches.   Below is a photo of Eva and George.

photo from private collection unknown date

Eva gave birth to 4 children: Catherine 1897-1990, Nicholas 1898-1975, Henry 1900-1947, and Peter 1902-1902. I have previously written about them and have written numerous posts about my grandfather, Henry.(if you click on the link above you can see photos of Eva with her children while they were young and old).  I am certain they attended church regularly and as you can see from the photo above, Eva is wearing a cross. All of the children were baptized and received the other sacraments in the Catholic church that was in the neighborhood because as they moved around, I have found records in several different churches around Chicago.

We can find the family in the 1900 census living on Parnell Avenue where George is listed as a peddler, Eva and the first 2 children. Also in the house are Eva’s mom, Katie 57(most documents list her as Catherine), and Eva’s siblings, Nicholas 22, (laborer in a brewery), Henry 20, (butcher) and Susie 18, (shopgirl).

Things took a turn in 1902 and 1903 when first their infant son Peter died 30 December 1902 at nearly 3 months from bronchopneumonia and then 7 May 1903, her husband George died in what was deemed an accident. More about his death can be found here.

Eva found herself in the position in which she had to provide for her 3 young children. She opened a confectionary store located at 3265 Wentworth Ave. She sold a whole assortment of things from stationary and school supplies to cigars and of course, candy. My mom told me that Eva and the family lived behind the store and that she slept with a gun. The 1910 census shows that Eva is 38 and the head of the house working in a confectionary. It also lists her 3 children and her mother. The store flooded in 1912 but she continued on for one more year as she is still listed in the city directory as the owner. Below is a photo of Eva in her store with her daughter and a dog.

private photo date circa 1903.

By 1914 the family was living on Lafayette Avenue Eva must have given up her store. I don’t know what she did at that time to earn money. Her daughter married in 1916 and in 1920, Eva is listed on the census with her two sons but not her mother(I will cover this in more detail when I write about Catherine). They are living on Peoria Avenue and it doesn’t list an occupation for any of them. It shows that her native tongue is German but that she can speak English. In 1920, her son(my grandfather), Henry married. He had to get permission from Eva as he was not yet 21. Eva did not approve of the marriage as my grandmother, Florence Bostwick was not baptized and was not Catholic. Henry told Eva that he would just run off and get married if she wouldn’t sign. Eva relented and Henry married in 1920. Her other son, Nicholas, must have been married in the same year as his wife gave birth in July 1921.

By 1923, Eva is listed in the directory as working as a clerk for Samuel Anderson and living on West 60th street. There are a lot of Samuel Anderson’s but the closest I can come as to one that would need a clerk is a laundry company.

The 1930 census reveals that Eva is living with her daughter, Catherine’s family. Listed are John Hoffman, Catherine, and Clarence who is 13. According to my mom, Eva, who was 58, was living there to help raise Clarence as both parents were working. Eva must have moved there sometime between 1924 and 1930. As soon as Clarence was old enough to fend for himself, Eva was asked to leave, this is what my mom told me.

Eva was found in the 1940 census living in New Jersey with a family that in 1935 was living in Willmette, IL. This is a northern suburb of Chicago. Eva was listed as a maid earning $360 the previous year working 60 hours a week. She worked for the McKinnon family and there were 2 children a boy age 10 and girl age 9. They have her as being from France so I wonder if part of her duties were to speak french to the children or if that is what Eva used as her job experience when she lived in France and the person giving the information to the census taker only remembered that part of her history.

By 1943, Eva was living with her granddaughter, Margaret, who is Nicholas’ child. Nicholas was a widower and decided to re-enroll in the army. This is according to a newspaper clipping. Margaret would have been 20 years old. I don’t know anymore about where Eva lived but I am sure it was in the Chicago area. The last photo I have of her is sitting at the table during my mom’s wedding reception 2 March 1946. She was seated next to her son Henry.

private photo taken 2 March 1946

Her son, my grandfather, Henry died in 1947 and I don’t have a good sense as to how she got along with my grandmother, the one she didn’t approve of marrying Henry. My mom doesn’t seem to know anything past her wedding as they didn’t live in Chicago and moved first to southern Illinois, then to Wisconsin and finally to Arizona in 1950.

Eva died on Thursday, 6 May 1954 of Acute Coronary Occlusion. She was 65 years old. Her obituary revealed she was living at 541 W 60th street. She was beloved wife of the late George, fond mother of Catherine Hoffman, Nicholas Mangen of Texas and the late Henry Mangen, sister of Nicholas Guill and Susan Jenner, grandmother of eight and great grandmother of 15. The funeral was at 830 am in St Clotilde’s church and interment at St Boniface. Eva is buried next to her husband, George, her mother, Catherine Guill and the unmarked grave of her son, Peter.

used with permission

I get the sense that Eva was a very tough, independent woman who despite many setbacks, was able to keep going on. A woman of deep faith which may have helped her through uncertain times. My mom remembers a plucky woman who endured a lot and had interesting stories to share.

References

Illinois, Chicago, Catholic Church Records, 1833-1925,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6QXV-8H?cc=1452409&wc=M66G-623%3A39657901%2C40027201 : 20 May 2014), St Alphonsus Parish (Chicago: Wellington Ave) > Marriages 1882-1913 > image 40 of 135; Catholic Church parishes, Chicago Diocese, Chicago.

Illinois, Cook County Marriages, 1871-1920″, database, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N7F9-XY1 : 10 March 2018), George Mangen and Eva Guill, 10 Jun 1896.

United States Census, 1900,” database with images, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MSSY-P21 : accessed 23 January 2020), George Mangen, Precinct 23 South Town Chicago city Ward 6, Cook, Illinois, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 160, sheet 7B, family 123, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,240,250.

United States Census, 1900,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-DKRQ-28H?cc=1325221&wc=9B72-7M8%3A1030552601%2C1031967101%2C1034772601 : 5 August 2014), Illinois > Cook > ED 787 Precinct 10 Lake View Chicago city Ward 26 > image 32 of 46; citing NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

United States Census, 1910,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9RK9-YLN?cc=1727033&wc=QZZ4-JY9%3A133640201%2C135332401%2C137457501%2C1589091636 : 23 June 2017), Illinois > Cook > Chicago Ward 3 > ED 210 > image 9 of 20; citing NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

United States Census, 1920,” database with images, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MJ7X-5XY : accessed 23 January 2020), Henry Mangen in household of Eva Mangen, Chicago Ward 31, Cook (Chicago), Illinois, United States; citing ED 1920, sheet 1B, line 55, family 15, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 348; FHL microfilm 1,820,348.

United States Census, 1930,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GR48-QY9?cc=1810731&wc=QZF9-KNS%3A648807601%2C648807602%2C649991401%2C1589287385 : 9 December 2015), Illinois > Cook > Chicago (Districts 0501-0750) > ED 739 > image 51 of 72; citing NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002).

United States Census, 1940,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L99M-9W12?cc=2000219&wc=QZFM-P3N%3A790103901%2C794178501%2C802608801%2C953481201 : accessed 23 January 2020), New Jersey > Union > Summit City, Summit, Ward 2 > 20-156 Summit City Ward 2 bounded by (N) Springfield Av, Morris Av, Broad, Chestnut Av; (E) Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad; (S) Maple, Oakland Pl, Larned Rd, Prospect, Blackburn Rd; (W) Division Av; also Convent of Sisters of Charity (St. Teresa’s Church), Fair Oaks Sanatorium Inc., Fairview Sanitarium > image 30 of 44; citing Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 – 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012.

Illinois, Archdiocese of Chicago, Cemetery Records, 1864-1989,” database with images, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q2HF-YX43 : 11 March 2018), Eva Mangen, 10 May 1954; citing Chicago, Cook, Illinois, United States, Chicago, Cook, Illinois, United States,St. Boniface, Archdiocese of Chicago, Illinois; FHL microfilm 1,509,299.

Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave .com : accessed 23 January 2020), memorial page for Eva Guill Mangen (16 Apr 1872–6 May 1954), Find A Grave Memorial no. 151417505, citing Saint Boniface Cemetery, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA ; Maintained by K Rice (contributor) .

 


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s