James Hard and Elizabeth Tomlinson

My 8x Great Grandparents, James Hard and Elizabeth Tomlinson lived in Newtown, CT. James Hard born about 1651 in England and is the immigrant ancestor for this line. Elizabeth Tomlinson was born about 1677 in Derby, CT to William Tomlinson and Abigail.

James and Elizabeth married around 1694 and had 3 children: James 1694, Ruth 1704, and Joseph 1707. In 1712 Elizabeth had received land from her father in Derby, CT. James was a selectman in 1713 Newtown, CT. James is found on many deeds in the Newtown area.  On 24 December 1712 James Hard and others were granted permission to build a sawmill. James was frequently called on to lay out land and to settle disputes over property lines. He was a freeman in 1742 along with his sons James Jr and Joseph. Another interesting finding is that in several more Hards were made freemen on 1747 among them James ye third. During the time period of the early 1700’s the farm animals were allowed to roam around. So in order to distinguish their livestock from each other they had markings that were recorded. Below is the excerpt from 1715 describing the markings on the cows, sheep and swine for James Hard.

I am unable to find their date of death, a probate, or where they are buried. The last record I saw for James is from 1742 when he was made a freeman but perhaps he was still alive when his grandson James the 3rd was made a freeman in 1747 as usually when someone with the same name died, the oldest one would have then been referred to as Sr and the next in line as Jr.

Just a note about James that I have not been able to find definitive evidence of. It has been written that his family was all killed in London during the Black Plague between 1665-1670. Being an orphan, he became an indentured servant to William Kidd -the pirate, Captain Kidd. Another story is that James received a land grant in Fairfield, CT for loyal service rendered when he fought in a war for King Charles I. That is supposed to be recorded in Connecticut Archives but I haven’t found it. Below is an excerpt from the Vermont Gazetteer.


James Hard married Elizabeth Tomlinson their son,

James Hard married Hannah Kimberly their son,

Abner Hard married Hannah Beers their daughter,

Currence Hard married David Bostwick their son,

Jabez Bostwick married Freelove Frisbee their son,

Jabez Bostwick married Sarah Jane Chase their son,

John Day Bostwick married Ida Shelby their son,

Charles Bostwick married Alpha Wilkins their daughter,

Florence Bostwick -my grandmother


Newtown’s history and historian, Ezra Levan Johnson Published 1917

Newtown: 1708-1758 ; historical notes and maps
Boyle, John Neville Published 1945

The Vermont historical gazetteer : a magazine embracing a history of each town, civil, ecclesiastical, biographical and military.  Hemenway, Abby Maria, 1828-1890
Published 1867


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